“When two rats are placed in the same setting and painful shocks are delivered, the animals may attack one another (Ulrich and Azrin 1962; Ulrich, Wolff, & Azrin, 1964). The fighting generated by these contingencies is called reflexive aggression (or pain-elicited aggression) because the attack follows the presentation of aversive events. Attack occurs even though neither animal is responsible for the occurrence of the shocks. Elicited aggression has been documented in several species, including human (Azrin, Hutchinson, & Hake, 1963; Hutchinson, 1977), and has been found with painful stimuli other than electric shock (Azrin, Hake, & Hutchinson, 1965). Most people recognize that they are more prone to aggression when exposed to painful stimuli. When feeling good you may never shout at your partner, but you may do so if you have a severe toothache” (140).
“The best way to stay oriented, to resist shock, is to know what is happening to you, and why.”
Until next time - for further research and investigation:
Human Resources: Social Engineering in the 20th Century